Odisha tribal heritage is a significant part of the socio-cultural life of the state. A formidable part of the total population of Odisha belongs to various ethnic groups. Places like Rayagada, Koraput, Naurangpur, Kalahandi and Malkangiri house a huge number of ethnic people. Around 50% of the total population of these places are of tribal origins.
There are as many as 62 different ethnic groups of people in Odisha. These people live in the different parts of the state. The main tribes of Odisha are Kondhs, Gadabas, Koyas, Oraon, Santals, and Juang.
The tribal people of Odisha are well known for their simple lifestyle and hard work. The ethnic people of the region are currently engaged in a variety of professions, but their main occupations are agriculture, hunting, and fishing.
Some of the tribal people also work in different handicraft industries and mills. Some of them are engaged in the textile industry of the place and they have their own looms. The tribes like Gadaba and Bondo work in the textile industry.